The Uluguru Mountains, are a range of mountains that form the eartern arc in Tanzania’s Eastern side. The Eastern Arc is a chain of mountains that rolls from Kenya to Tanzania, running from the northeast to the southwest. These mountains got their name from the surrounding, Bantu-speaking people that inhabit the area surrounding these mountains and hills, the Luguru tribe. The main ridge of the Uluguru mountains runs roughly north-south and reaches an elevation of about of 2,630 meters (8,600 feet) at its highest point.  On the main Uluguru range, 50 communities contact the forest boundary, and approximately 151,000 people live within the mountain area, typically in increasing numbers as they approach the forest boundary at higher altitudes.

The Ulugurus mountains are situated approximately 200 kilometers inland from the Indian Ocean. The Taita Hills, Pare Mountains, Usambara Mountains, Nguru Mountains, Rubeho, Ukaguru, Udzungwa Mountains, and Mahenge Mountains are all part of the Eastern Arc Mountains, a chain of mountains in eastern Africa.

Location of Uluguru Mountains

These mountain ranges of the Uluguru are situated approximately 190 kilometers west of Dar es Salaam City. You may get there by car, rail, or plane. The peak overlooks the agricultural region surrounding Morogoro, and in some ways, Morogoro town is located at the base of Uluguru Mountain.

The Uluguru Mountain is located between the rural and Mvomero districts of Morogoro. Waluguru is the name of the native tribe that lives in the area. It’s a component of the Arc of the Eastern Mountains. The streams from this mountain enter the Ruvu River, which supplies Dar es Salaam with water. The highest point is 2,630 feet above sea level. Uluguru Mountain is encircled by 51 communities, with a total population of almost 151, 000 people. Uluguru South, Kasanga Mkangala, Mlaliwala, Ngababaula, Tongeni River, and others are among the reserves.

These reserves encompass a total of 37,700 hectares.

Vegetation

The Uluguru main ridge and surrounding sections have a wide range of plants. It includes drier lowland coastal forest habitats, transitional rainforests, sub-montane, montane, and higher montane forest types, as well as sub-montane, montane, and upper montane forest types.

Climate

The Uluguru mountains collect moisture that comes inland from the Indian Ocean, making the east-facing slopes very wet, with annual rainfall estimated to be above 3,000 millimeters (120 in) with rain falling every month.

The Uluguru Mountains may be seen in the background of Morogoro.

The Luguru Tribe

The Waluguru tribe is the native population of the Ulugurus. They have lived in the mountains for hundreds of years, having migrated from other parts of Tanzania.

In contrast to other tribes in Tanzania, where males control the land and make the majority of decisions concerning its use and administration, their land is passed down via the female line, and women are powerful in village life.
“Luguru” is a local term that means “people of the highlands.” Waluguru are mountain people who, according to legend, once fought the zigua. Luguru shifted from lower ground to mountains when Zigua vanquished him. Cultivation is their primary activity. Bananas, yams, cassava, and millet are among the crops they cultivate. Although, in recent years, people have begun to own animals.

The Uluguru Forests, a water catchment area

The mountains’ forests serve as water catchment regions for streams and rivers.

This water mostly comes from the Ulugurus’ forest-covered summits into tributaries that converge to form the Ruvu River, which supplies water to Dar es Salaam. The majority of the surrounding population, around 3 million people, as well as Tanzania’s key businesses, rely on this water supply to survive. [4] The loss of the Uluguru forests, as well as any diminution in the mountains’ water supply potential, might have a significant impact on Tanzania’s human well-being and industrial capabilities.

Birds and Wildlife

Over 100 plants, birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians are only found in the Ulugurus.

A huge number of other species are only found in one or two other Eastern Arc mountains, making them globally uncommon. African violets, Impatiens, and Begonias are endemic species that are popular pot plants in other parts of the world.

Hiking the Uluguru Mountains

The mountains draw a large number of tourists to the area, owing to its closeness to Dar es Salaam, Tanzania’s former capital and economic center.
From Morogoro town, Uluguru Mountain trekking takes only one day (up and down).

What to wear for an Uluguru Mountain Hike

Waterproof footwear is essential for the trip because the path is usually flooded or muddy for the majority of the time.

The weather is pleasant, therefore there is no need for chilly cloth….a single coat would be enough.

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